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A traditional story of a revolutionary officer

A traditional story of a revolutionary officer

Francis Brooke

Macfarlane & Fergusson Printers, Richmond, Va. 1849

Printed in historical past magazine with notes and queries

Revealed by William Abbatt, 1921 Additional Quantity – No. 74


OUR first item is uncommon – a family memo, written by a father for his youngsters and revealed as a personal publication, in a very small version: so small that its existence is nearly unknown

The writer was a distinctive lawyer and Decide from Virginia, who had joined the Washington Army at 6 pm, and after the revolution, numerous judiciary, including decide. Appeals courtroom, which he held forty years.

His nephew and one of his brothers also turned troopers, while the other brother pressed an fascinating account in Additional No. 21, being a surgeon at Bon Homme in Richard, with John Paul Jones.

One of probably the most fascinating features of the e-book is the announcement by Washington. Decide Brooke was in close contact with him and exhibits that he was capable of suppress the society to the extent that he reveals him in a mild that’s more human than another has proven

. I went to her sister (Mrs. Fielding Lewis) to create a guest for her, I found her one of probably the most worthwhile men of her age – her greatness was the sublimation that surpassed the lads of any historic or nice males. trendy historical past. "

One other encounter we have now by no means printed earlier than is just too uncommon a part of early New England poetry (the original worth is priced at $ 85, earlier than us), and is directed towards Governor Francis Bernard (" St. Francisco ").

A good higher interest in it is one of the three poems written by Dr. Benjamin's Church, "The First American Traitor." he has had a talent and a poetic sense. DAUGHTER HELENI

Who has been my amanuensse through the preparation of this household story – has written about two-thirds aa about my word and helped me primarily
Richmond, Might 1, 1849


Francis T. Brooke opens a new window / Public Domain Francis Brooke

I AM was born on August 27, 1763 in Smithfield, the residence of my pricey father, in Rappahannock, 4 miles under Fredericksburg. Custom stated it was referred to as Smithfield after Captain John Smith, that’s, Pocahontas Smith; but since there’s nothing in Virginia history to say that Captain Smith was all the time so high in Rappahannock, I feel the tradition was incorrect. I feel it was beneath the leadership of the so-called captain Laurence Smith, who in 1679 had a army committee defending the border towards the Indians in that space. It was one of Tanner's property that was in England, and approved his agent to sell it, and it was bought by my grandfather, Taliaferro, who then lived in Epsom, subsequent to the property, and he gave it to my mom – God bless him. The property now belongs to Thomas Pratt: previous home, where I was born, is burnt, and he has built a new, not so great, and the upper the river. Once I was a boy, there have been traces of violence, together with a great spring, to defend the Native People.

My father was my grandfather's youngest son, who got here to this nation with Mr. Beverly, time Gov Spotswood got here, round 1715; he turned a state scholar and was with the governor when he first crossed the Blue Ridge, the place he acquired the Government Medal, a golden horseshoe with garnets and used as a brooch. Edmund Brooke, one of the household's oldest branches

My father's identify was Richard Brooke. He left 4 sons and my daughter's mom and the fifth son via her second wife; He died aged six in his stomach in 1792. He was a handsome man, as he sees in his image; great vitality of spirits; he read a lot; he had a good library of that age. He sent two of my eldest brothers, Laurence and Robert, to the University of Edinburgh at an early stage, the place they have been educated for 2 taught professions: drugs and regulation, and did not return to this nation until the revolution had progressed. They came to France and Dr Franklin, the surgeon of Bon Homme Richard, was appointed by Dr. Brooke, commanded by the celebrated John Paul Jones, and in battle with Seraphis and all this memorable cruise battles.

My brother Robert was captured and transported to New York, and Lord Howe despatched it back to England, went back to Scotland, came again to France and returned to Virginia for a French frigate that introduced French weapons. authorities. He did not stay idle, but joined the volunteer group beneath the cavalry captain Larkin Smith, captured by dragons Capt. Loller, Symcoen's Queen Rangers, in Westham, seven miles across Richmond; he was quickly changed; began the follow of regulation; was a member of the House of Representatives, and in 1794 he was elected President of the State after which Ombudsman of Bushrod Washington, who was later a decide of the Supreme Courtroom of america. My brother Robert died when Basic Counsel, in 1799. Dr. Brooke died after a few years, I don't keep in mind a yr.

Smithfield, now Fredericksburg Country Club, opens a new window Nw3z / CC BY -SA, opens a new windowMy father was devoted to their youngsters's schooling. He sent twin brother John and myself to a very younger faculty. We visited a number of English-speaking faculties, some of them at house, and on the age of nine sent to the Fredericksburg grammar faculty, taught by Trinity's gentleman from Dublin beneath the identify of Lennegan, who had left the country initially of the Revolutionary Struggle, was hung on Petit Treason, and sentenced to sentence after being minimize, just waved thighs and arms and delivered to his mother, after which he came to life, came to England, was smuggled into France, was a Catholic, and died within the monastery of La Trapp: however finally took the personal director – a Scottish gentleman, the identify of Alexander Dunham, by way of which we have been taught in Latin and Greek. He was a pleasant man, but not absolutely aware of all issues, however about Latin and Greece, the place he was a mature researcher. We learn all the higher classics with him; I learn Juvenal and Persia in a good place, and some Greeks – Testament and Aesop's Fabits

As sixteen years ago, the army age of this time, was named the first Basic in the regiment of Common Harrison, the final in 1780; and my twin brothers who don’t need to take part with me soon after I acquired the command of the primary lieutenant in the same regiment. Our first marketing campaign was the Marquis La Fayette in 1781 in the course of the Lord Cornwall assault. We arrived in Richmond in March of that yr and was advised to go to the previous sloop with a fun captain. He was full of cannons and army stores to restore Portsmouth Fortress, which the traitor Basic Arnold destroyed in the winter. He fell right down to the River Curies, where we have been put on board a ship, a 20-year-old gun ship at The Renown shops, commanded by Commodore Lewis from Fredericksburg; Along with the ship with two different sq. vessels and an armed schooner. We have been arrested a few days before Curies, the residence of Richard Randolph, who treated us with nice hospitality, typically on the seashore.

About ten days after the ship was greeted by the other financial institution, Major North, one of Baron Steuben's assistants, who was then Chesterfield Courtroom-House. Major North was boarded: he informed Commodore Lewis that the British fleet was on Hampton Street and ordered him to put artillery and outlets on the north coast of the river and use the ship and different fleet as high as he might (I consider it was in Osborne & # 39;), the place the British took them – some glided by the ebook of Simcoe and the remaining scattered.

Because they’ve been positioned on the seashore north of the river, once we arrived in Richmond, we have been informed to command Westham's journal and laboratory order, seven kilometers above this place.

My brother, John, joined half of the state regiment, Major Ewell, but the arrival of Marquis & # 39;

A few days after I took Journal's command to see Jefferson, then the governor, r for the first time; he came to Westham together with his council, Mr Blair, whom I had previously recognized, and who informed me they needed to go to the magazine. I replied they couldn't, and he launched me to Mr. Jefferson as governor. I turned to the guard, he was welcome, and he was entitled to go in. They have been trying to the south for the army and north, and located lots of provide.

The area in the Virginia area is hardly imagined, his troopers have been virtually all in Basic Inexperienced's army, his army retailers, who had run out of continuous provides to the southern army – but his spirit and power have been as a way to overcome all his difficulties. I continued with the journal's command. Lord Cornwallis, who crossed the James River in Westover, was ordered to remove it south of the river and took it to the Brittan Ferry, throughout the river, from which I was ordered to take away it again to Westham, the place it stayed till he was advised to throw a cannon creek, and transported the remaining to Fork, now to Columbia – like me. From there, I used to be advised to carry a giant portion of the powder and handguns, & c., To Henderson Ford, now to Milton, four miles under Charlottesville. I stayed there until Colonel Tarleton got here to the latter place. There was Captain-Lieutenant Bohanna, who had come a few days earlier than, and who ordered me to remain where I was, and to defend the magazine from any detachment that could be despatched to take it till I heard Tarleton had crossed the Charlottesville River by the shore. then I ought to be a part of Baron Steuben at Fork. At 11 o'clock, I heard Tarleton had crossed the river at Charlottesville and pulled the regulation. Then I started my march to hitch Baron Steuben.

My order, between the timber, referred to some of the dragonons in Tarleton on the mountain that had been sent to get Governor Jefferson. I continued my march but mistakenly took Blenheim as an alternative of Fork Street, by way of which I fled Tarleton; as he says in his ebook, which I’ve, he stayed legally in the dispersal of the legislator and governor on his solution to the fork to satisfy the Lord's Cornwall's eighth infantry. The street I took was thrown south of him, and about a quarter an hour from the sun, I met a man who, when inquiring, advised me I used to be five kilometers from Baron's camp, and then was occupied by Lord Cornwallis, a mild infantry who had pushed Baron across the river in time. Captain Bohannan advised me if I couldn’t be a part of the Baron, go to Staunton and be a part of the group I belonged to, Marquis in La Fayette army, I demand the man to steer me to the closest intersection within the south of the James River, because the solar rises the subsequent morning, and he took me to Hardware's mouth, and I crossed the river.

The subsequent day I met Colon Davis, who was beneath Baron, had been ordered by new recruiters and separate events. I had recognized him before and without greetings he asked me where I went. I informed him I used to be going to the Buckingham Courthouse, getting orders for the lads, because although I had the assure of my pocket, I didn't need to do it when the general public shops have been out there; to which he replied that Lord Cornwall's mild infantry can be there before me. I stated I had left them fork the earlier night time; he stated, "You do as you please."

It was a panic all over the place that the subsequent day the troopers underneath my command appeared to have caught it, because turning the lane on our march, some recruited Armand's troops got here in, and most of them escaped and left me standing on the street virtually alone; however these men had fought this large officer beneath Main Porterfield in Gates' defeat! Nevertheless, they returned to their ranks, and we continued our march to Staunton, which I acquired a command, as I stated, if I couldn’t be a part of Baron Steuben at the fork.

The subsequent day I Ridge, about six kilometers south of Rockfish Gap, as I perceive now, as a result of there’s a giant limestone on the highest. Once I received to where Waynesborough was, I discovered a great drive of eight hundred or one thousand rifles underneath the management of Basic McDowell, who informed Gov McDowell from North Carolina. He stopped me saying he had ordered all of the troops to stop defending. I replied that I belonged to the mainland military and informed me to go to Staunton, and stated to the lads, "Go ahead" and let me go.

At the moment, I assumed that the regiment's jacket had never been seen, that the mountains – not just the searching shirts – struck the marching drums and flying colors, and a few saw the troops, gave the news to Staunton that Tarleton had crossed the mountain, and the legislator then sat there; however studying from error, rally and returned the subsequent day. In the morning I went to town. There I heard a few days from Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, George Nicholas and my neighbor Mann Page from Mansfield. (Regardless that I had heard before Patrick Henry once I was a schoolboy in Fredericksburg, a huge case for Middleton, for a man, Houston, saddler, for a breach of marriage contract.) Forsyth, and was the mother of Forsyth, late Secretary of State.

It might seem strange that as young as I used to be, not seventeen years previous that I should have the command I had. My twin brother, who was an older twin, but a youthful officer, had left me at Henderson's Ford when he was ordered to Albemarle's previous Courtroom-Home with public shops. I had ordered some seventy-five males to observe the magazine and make the cartridges after the hearth, and once I got here to Staunton, Col. Davis, who I found there, insisted on preserving me on this service, however Captain Fleming Gaines, who was half of the Harrison Artillery Regiment, advised me to hitch my troops as shortly as I might in the Marquis army, and I outfitted me together with his horses and servant.

A few days after I left Staunton, and I took the street now to Port Republic to cross the Ridge at Swift Run Gap. There was a curious event; one of the horses was taken flat and stopped at the smith store to repair his legs. Individuals have been all Dutch and didn't converse English; Seeing me in the regiments, they took me to a British officer and arrested me for a while till one of them got here to know one thing in English, and I showed him my wage they usually gave me justice. At that time, Lord Cornwallis discovered that the Pennsylvania line had arrived at Culpeper Courtroom Home, altering his route. His first plan was to burn Hunter's ironworks above Falmouth, which have been very beneficial. His information should have been very dangerous; The Pennsylvania line, because it was referred to as, had been dismantled principally for the trouble, and he was recruited and had no more than six or seven hundred males commanded by Basic Wayne. At the similar time, Basic Weedon commanded a small group of soldiers close to Fredericksburg, which he had no worry of progressing to burn the railways. Nevertheless, he began to retire when Marquis crossed the Rappahannock in Raccoon Ford, and when he opened the previous street he threw himself between Lord Cornwall and our remaining shops in the prime nation and adopted Lord Cornwall at a respectable distance. 19659002] The troops of Tarleton and Simcoe joined him again, and he stopped, but at some point at excessive, above the Goochland courtroom home; where the awning also plundered and positioned the army behind the Mechunck border – I feel they referred to as it in Fluvanta. Each armies proceeded slowly in the direction of Richmond, and in Westham I found a corpse, which my brother, Robert, later governor of the state, was voluntary. He was captured by the Simcoe regiment, whose captain was Loller. Lord Cornwallis was on his option to Williamsburg, and the awning stopped a few kilometers to New Kent Courtroom-House, where on July 4th the army was checked and fired.

Gen Lawson Brigade, with one of six votes, and had the chance to know the complete drive of the American Military. It consisted of eight thousand militias, the brigade of Stephen and Lawson; a thousand mild infantry troops, New England troops, introduced into the Marquis & # 39; s (a great group of them;) Pennsylvania line, as it was referred to as, six to seven hundred men commanded by Basic Wayne. artillery; a thousand rapists, Basic Campbell, King of the King, and part of the regiment of Virginia Continental troops, Colonel Febiger, Dane, under; the middle dragons collection underneath Captain Larkin Smith; and one firm from the Harrison artillery regiment I belonged to; There have been some additional militias beneath Main Willis. The British Military was extra efficient; seven thousand squaddies who had fought in the battles of the south; Tarleton's and Simcoe's complete cavalry regiments and a high-quality artillery practice. These have been all of the troops that would not simply be pushed off the battlefield. Marquis marched in a few days to intersections and Burnt Peculiar, sixteen miles from Williamsburg. (John Willis, head of the Pennsylvania line, Butler and the Chapel of the Water District, who had a virgin militia, was confused a few days before.) Within the morning of the battle, Major George Washington, an previous schoolmate, another assistant to Marquis, was in our quarter, and was asked if Marquis knew where the Lord Cornwallis was and whether or not he had crossed the river. His answer was that Common Wayne had been despatched this morning to seek out out where he was. Tarleton says in his newspaper that one or two days earlier he had bribed a white man and a unfavorable to go out, and in the event that they met US departments, advised them that the British Army, except a small half of it, had crossed the river. It was this negro that fell with Basic Wayney, who in his report marched down and attacked all the British military. Tarleton is mistaken assuming Marquis is going to deliver a basic dedication; on the contrary, at 12, when he discovered that Wayne was in peril, he ordered Col Galvan, who belonged to his mild infantry, to drive down just one hundred men to aid when he, Capt. John F. Mercer's horsemen who had just lately joined, and some militia researchers adopted him to help him. Marquis definitely had no concept of ​​a common battle, because the remaining of the army was quietly on their campsite all day. Basic Wayne brought the battle; creating an clever who gave them to whom Tarleton had bribed; of which his troops endure nicely. He, as Tarleton says, attacked the whole British army, and only Mr. Cornwallis acquired it off, assuming Marquis had deliberate a basic motion and took the time to organize for it. Wayne did not just lose his artillery, however believed that 11 officers have been badly injured, which I noticed next morning in the arms of a surgeon on the church behind our camp. I feel it is rather sure that the Marquis does not at present mean a basic wrestle; and never Lord Cornwallis. His objective was to cross the river and fall right down to Portsmouth so he might ship him the confirmation he needed from Basic Clinton, who captured Basic Washington and County Rochambeau.

(In Williamsburg in 1824, coming back from York, the previous man turned the identify of Powell, who had been the Marquis's guide when the army fell between two James and rivers). York, and he asked Basic LaFayette if he remembered a high quality horse killed beneath him, in the battle of the green spring, to which the overall replied, the horse was very nice, given to him by his pricey pal Virginia, who I suppose to be Common Nelson, however he was not killed by him Under, he had six pits of damaged leg, and he made his archer to chop his throat. It was to go to Charlottesville by way of Goochland Courtroom-House. All of the officers, except me, had left their houses on their approach, and I missed the company till they needed to be a part of Cumberland's previous courtroom house, with Common Febiger, Dane, clerk. The good tactic, Virginia's continental military was commanded.

Left to command the company, I felt it to be a very troublesome activity, but I had been lengthy enough to know that its discipline have to be maintained, or I couldn’t command it. The first day of the march, we reached the lane reverse the town of Hanava, and when the lads have been dismissed, I informed nobody of them to go to city. On the day of the withdrawal, two Irish, Brady and Southerland, didn’t call the rolls within the evening, didn’t reply their names. I ordered my organized sergeant to take a file of individuals, go to the town and convey them up, which he did, and informed every of them to get fifty lashes with ninety tail in Gun. That night time they both abandoned. Brady I've never heard more, however my brother John discovered Southerland, who had gone residence and occurred in Fredericksburg. He met him on the street and took him and put it within the barracks of the citadel. There had been a plan for the militia, and Mr. Page, Mansfield, had taken him as a deputy and misplaced his cash, for which he made a massive grievance. This quick punishment for disobedience instructions gave me a full command to the company as younger as I used to be.

Upon arriving at Goochland Courtroom-House, we have been arrested there and made cassettes and fires for a few weeks. At that time, Colonel Davis arrived and advised me to go back to Westham and get the cannon I had ordered and threw the creek and river. He provided me a continental horse, and I found an officer who was making an attempt to tug the cannon out of the mud by attaching the ropes to the pieces. I ordered two points, and pulling the items between them, I quickly received them all up and returned to hitch the corporate at Goochland Courthouse, where I used to be for some time nonetheless on the laboratory's order, and eventually ordered to Charlottesville, and eventually ended up in Cumberland's previous courtroom house the place it was held for a whereas. On the best way there, my organized abuse was arrested and the courtroom Martial tried and sentenced him to sentence him in ranks and get a hundred lashes. In the morning of the punishment, I acquired a observe from Common Febiger that he was a compatriot, and if I might, consistent with the discipline of the company, abandon the lash, he can be obliged to me. I did so, and after a few days he was again made an organized sergeant.

Hans Christian Febiger opens a new window from Henry Bryan Corridor, 1808-1884, opens a new window / Public DomainCol. Febiger was a superb camp officer who was properly versed within the techniques of drilling, and while I was in artillery, I used to be referred to as alternately with different sub-options to coach and drill an infantry, and acquired the complete information of Prussian techniques, written by Baron Steuben, who had helped great Frederick. Once we have been involved, my brother John and Capt. Fleming Gaines was allowed to precede other troops and joined the military till the inexperienced battle of Eutaw Spring; have been in that battle prematurely, and both purchase some variety of popularity – my brother's brother was quickly appointed to the artillery park brigade Main Basic Charles Harrison, who commanded it, and lived in the same yard with him until the top. warfare.

Cumberland's previous Courtroom-House group was soon advised to hitch Basic Greene & # 39; s underneath Colonel Posey. When they didn’t receives a commission, they mutated, and as an alternative of coming to the parade on their knees, as a basic heartbeat, they came of their arms with the stroke of the workforce. Sergeant Hagarltoy ran captain by way of Shelton by way of the physique, and Colonel Febiger ordered the barracks to mild up, and we marched about eight miles in the night. I’ve stated that the troops did not receive a salary; one of the companies Alex informed. Parker, who was taken prisoner in Charleston, had lately been replaced when he was ordered to return to the south; the officers acquired a one-month salary on paper that was so low that I acquired thirty-three thousand and two-thirds of a dollar in the artillery, as an alternative of thirty-three and two-thirds of the greenback; with which I purchased a material coat for $ 2000 in the yard and $ 1,500 for buttons. Something aside from the spirit of an older spirit would not have produced money that may have been removed; however we have been ready to take whatever our country might give.

We continued our march for about twenty days, and we had to make an impression on the whole journey, a lot of which had been fed by the British, and very little was left to the inhabitants. Approaching Common Greene's army, a command that the infantry beneath Colon Posey would proceed to march and be a part of Gen. Wayne to Georgia. As a outcome, Colon Posey took all of the wagons, informed me to go to an army situated about twelve kilometers under, close to the Bacon Bridge on the Ashley River, to get the wagons to take the artillery baggage to the camp. In that land of rice, whose great half was coated with water, I misplaced my approach and swam to my horse on the other aspect of the river Ashley; I met the opposite aspect with a man, I requested him how far I was from the military of Basic Greene? To my surprise, he advised me that I was on the fallacious aspect of the river and that the British had a publish in Dorchester. I had to go back to the course and swim within the river the place it was very slender. I went and received the wagons that have been wanted to move the artillery firm and joined the artillery park. It occurred that I used to be advised to hitch a complicated picket within the vicinity of the Bacon Bridge with one of the six porrents, and it value me the difficulty to keep awake all night time, so much fatigue. The watch from Stewart, Maryland's line, was an official of the day, and he made massive rounds twice at night time and congratulated me on my attention.

After a few days, the boots have been worn and shipped to Common Harrison's order for a quarter of a new pair; he gave me order; but stated so little that the stores, if Common Greene wouldn’t help the order, wouldn’t get any boots – and I’ve to go to the headquarters. I went this manner; he was separated from a giant picket building, miles or more behind the army. The primary officer I noticed once I received there was his first help, Main Burnet. He asked if I needed to see Common. I stated, "Yes, I have some business with the general," to which he needed to take a seat down, and he would return to me. Once I waited for a while, I walked to another door and noticed Basic Greene for the primary time sitting at the desk. I knew him from his regiments and went inside. He thanked me saying, "You belonged to artillery, do you have any business with me?" Sanoin hänelle, että minulla oli käsky kenraali Harrisonilta parin saappaat, jotka halusin hänelle hyväksyvän, tai en saisi saappaita. Hänen saappailleni katsoi: "Sinulla on erittäin hyvät saappaat." Jonka minä vastasin, minä lainoin heitä tuona aamuna; sillä hän antoi käskyn, ja minä annoin keula ja jätin hänet. Hän seurasi minua heti ja ohitti minut ovelle ja sanoi: "Luutnantti Brooke, pidän joukkoa armeijan upseereista, ja heitä pyydetään syömään kanssani vuorollaan, ja sinut kutsutaan vuorosi, mutta aina kun olet poissa työstä, rouva Greene on iloinen nähdessäni sinut. " Tämä johtui siitä, että rouva Greene liittyi hänen miehensä luo naapurini läpi ja sai joitakin huomautuksia Smithfieldissä ja New Postissa, kenraali Alexander Spotswoodin kotipaikassa. Olin usein päämajassa, tämän kutsun yhteydessä, ja tunsin olin jonkin verran kenraalin kenraali. Hän oli mies, jolla oli eniten ystävällisiä tunteita, ja osoitti minulle merkittävän ystävällisyyden yhdellä kertaa. Kapteeni Singleton, joka oli suuri yleisön suosikki, käski yhtiötä, johon kuuluin; me asuimme samassa telttakaupungissa kaikkein sovinnollisin ehdoin, kunnes eroni itseni ja luutnantti Whitaker, hänen veljenpoikansa välillä. We have been eating watermelons, once I stated something that he so flatly contradicted, that I supposed he meant to say I lied; on which I broke a half of a melon on his head, to which he stated, "Brooke, you did not think I meant to tell you you lied?" I stated, "If you did not, I am sorry I broke the melon on your head," and there it ended. However his uncle, I presume, did not assume it should have ended there. Whitaker had fought a duel going out with a Capt. Blair, of the Pennsylvania line, and wounded him, which made him, a minimum of in look, a little boastful, and our distinction was the speak of the camp.

I had been appointed by Gen. Greene, quartermaster of the Park of Artillery, on the categorical situation that I shouldn’t lose my rank in the line; as I didn’t come into the military to go into the employees; and having two duties to carry out, I used to be very attentive to that within the line. On one morning when troop beat, I used to be delayed and didn’t get on parade till the roll was at the least half referred to as, on which Capt. Singleton requested me, in a impolite voice, why I used to be not on parade sooner? to which I replied, "I waited for my boots, and did not come here in gown and slippers," taking a look at his nephew in that gown. On which he stated, he should take another notice of me at one other time. The lads being discharged, I stated to Capt. Singleton, that as long as I assumed him my pal, I ought to have taken a rebuke from him kindly, but as I was now to think about him in a totally different mild, each time he meant to rebuke me, he should do it via a courtroom martial; that I understood my obligation, and was not afraid of a courtroom martial; on which he stated he would achieve this, but never did. After this, we lived together, however by no means spoke but on obligation. I had served with Col. Laurence, who commanded the sunshine infantry within the line, for many weeks; no hint had been provided that my staff-office had been neglected; its duties have been discharged by the Sergeant Major of the Park, in my absence. No objection had been made by Captain Singleton to the efficiency of my obligation within the line; till the corporate was ordered to hitch the light infantry, underneath Gen. Wayne, to take possession of Charleston on the anticipated evacuation of it by Gen. Leslie. This was a highly fascinating service, and Capt. Singleton seeing me getting ready to go, stated, "You cannot go, sir, you are quartermaster of the Park." I replied, "I have served in the light infantry before, under Col. Laurence, and no objection was made; but I will go to headquarters and resign that office, rather than not go."

Nicely, I went to go quarters, and there it was that Basic Greene befriended me towards the influence of my Captain. I said to him Capt. Singleton's objections to my marching with the company, to hitch the sunshine infantry, underneath Basic Wayne. He stated he was sorry that any such problem should have been made; "but go into the Adjutant General's office," (who was Col. Harmer, afterwards Gen. Harmer,) "and get a copy of the order appointing you quartermaster of the Park, and show it to Capt. Singleton;" which I did, and that put an finish to all problem, because the order contained the categorical situation that I shouldn’t lose my rank within the line.

No objection was made to my brother, who was Brigade Major to the Park, and we each marched with the company to hitch the light infantry beneath Common Wayne. No officer took better care of his troops, and after crossing the Ashley river, he marched us to the Cooper river, to the house, I feel, of Col. Wright, who was a refugee; where we have been sumptuously entertained, and from his balcony noticed the British fleet lying earlier than Charleston.

In the evening, one of the videttes got here in and informed Basic Wayne, that the submit referred to as the quarter-house, had been strengthened by 4 hundred males. This was seven miles from Charleston; a canal was minimize there from the Ashley to the Cooper river and two redoubts erected, and the publish secured by other fortifications. On the receipt of this info the troops have been ordered beneath arms, and we marched down reverse the quarter-house, within hail of the British sentinels, and encamped in a wooden. A flag got here out, and as we understood, Common Leslie knowledgeable Common Wayne that he was about to evacuate the town, and, if his rear was pressed, it may be burnt; that if a sign was fired when the troops commenced their march the British troops can be before them, in order to keep away from any conflict. Accordingly a six pounder was fired the subsequent morning at daybreak, and we commenced our march for Charleston; the quarter-house was evacuated once we handed it, and in a long open lane we saw the British troops before us. We soon arrived on the Hornwork, the place we halted on the draw-bridge, near the gate, which was locked; but Captain Revely leaped over the wall and found the key on the lock, opened the door, and we marched into the town; found all the doors and windows shut, and a British picket still on the state-house, which on the strategy of Captain Revely on the head of his firm of Maryland mild infantry, moved off to the delivery.

Basic Greene, with Washington's regiment, came within the subsequent day, and the military got here down the Ashley river, crossed at Wappoo minimize, and encamped on James' Island, reverse Charleston, the place the Maryland line, hearing that the preliminary articles of peace had been signed by the British Commissioners, and believing the struggle over and their enlistment at an end, mutinied. Basic Greene crossed the Ashley river on hearing it, found them on parade, with their knapsacks, as if the "General" had beat, and able to march off, as in the event that they have been discharged from service. He immediately addressed them, assuring them we had no sure intelligence that the warfare was over and declaring that he would compel them to return to obligation, by the troops that remained agency to their publish; and finally prevailed on them to floor their arms, and submit. A few of the ring-leaders have been apprehended and, with ropes around their necks, have been drummed out of camp.

The artillery to which I belonged remained in Charleston, where we have been kindly and hospitably treated, particularly myself, by Mr. Frank Kinlaw, who resided at Kinlaw Courtroom; he had been a member of Congress, and married a Miss Walker, of Albemarle county, Va. So variety was he to me, that he invited me to go together with him to his estate, near Georgetown, and had offered horses, and so forth.

When the artillery firm, to which I belonged, was ordered underneath Col. Posey, with the remaining of the Virginia troops, to go to Savannah to take possession of it, on its evacuation by Col. Browne, Capt. Singleton, who commanded the company, and my brother, with Lieut. Southall and Lieut. Whitaker, obtained depart to return to Virginia, and left the company underneath the command of Capt. Lieut. Booker and myself. On our march to Savannah, Capt. Alexander Parker, who commanded the veteran company of mild infantry, and myself, asked depart of Col. Posey to visit a Capt. Day, of the South Carolina line, who resided on the street; which was granted, given that we should always overtake the troops the subsequent day, which was a march of forty miles, by way of sandy roads, in the month of April, in that local weather.

On arriving in Savannah, the infantry underneath Col. Posey went 4 miles under to Thunderbolt, and have been quartered there, whereas the corporate of artillery was stationed at Fort Wayne, on a point under the town. In Savannah we have been most hospitably handled; I imply the officers who remained in town. I felt myself particularly observed; I visited several households, amongst them Mr. Clay's; he had been a rich service provider, and someday earlier than was a member of Congress. He and his household have been notably type to me. I gallanted his daughters, one of whom, Nancy, was very good-looking. She was about sixteen years of age—however I had no critical intentions. On taking my depart of Savannah, I was left within the room together with her by her mother and father, but stated nothing. She afterwards jilted a Mr. Fontaine of Virginia, and married Main Deveau. Fontaine, in despair, went into the military, and in St. Clair's defeat threw himself among the many Indians, and was killed.

In Savannah we had balls and dinner parties. There came some English officers from St. Augustine, on flag, with whom I related; one a Capt. Automotive, I feel. We met within the billiard room, and at Mr. Eustace's, who gave events. I used to be on the wedding ceremony of Main Habersham with Miss Walton, the daughter of Decide Walton: the entertainment was singular; it was at II o'clock within the day, a collation of fruits, wine, and salt fish, &c. I used to be invited to go into the country with him to a Mr. Gibbs', a few miles from the city, where, having obtained depart, I spent some very nice days.

In Savannah, when invited out, we lived sumptuously;— we had breakfast within the morning, luncheon at 11 o'clock, dinner at two, tea and occasional within the evening, and a scorching supper at night time. While in Savannah the troops have been ordered to an Indian treaty at Augusta, and we have been ordered to end up with whiskers and moustaches; this I used to be too young to do, being then not nineteen years previous; however I used some black pomatum, such because the Hession jagers used, and smeared my face, so as to look very ferocious. The Indians have been significantly frightened by their defeat by Common Wayne. The night time they stunned him, he had given orders that none of them must be captured, that no quarter must be given; yet sixteen of them have been captured by Captain Scott's company of the Virginia line; and Common Wayne, seeing them subsequent morning, ordered them to be bayonetted; which was deemed by some great cruelty; however Basic Wayne's drive not being so robust as Colonel Browne's, in Savannah, he was obliged to vary his position each night time, lest he must be stunned by him; and the Indians, who have been spies upon his camp, have been continually giving Browne info the place he was; however after the defeat and massacre of the sixteen, they quitted the nation; they refused to return to any treaty at Augusta, the place we have been to return, and the corps I belonged to, with the remaining of the troops underneath Col. Posey, have been ordered back to Charleston, the place we remained till August, when the corporate to which I belonged, and between three and 4 hundred of the infantry, and fourteen officers, together with myself, belonging to totally different corps, launched into board ship for Virginia. We have been so long at sea (we have been four-and-twenty days out of sight of land) that it was thought in Virginia that we have been lost. Having arrived at Hampton, we have been most hospitably handled by a Mr. King (who I afterwards knew in the Legislature) and others. After remaining at Hampton three or four days, myself and four other officers have been placed on board a pilot boat, and came as much as Richmond, while the opposite officers and troops went up in other vessels. When arrived at Richmond, I paid the corporate off a portion of their pay, which I received of the deputy paymaster, Dunscomb; after which gave them their discharges. I then left Richmond for Smithfield, my residence, in a chariot loaned me by Mr. Henry Banks, to take a Mrs. Taylor from Norfolk to Fredericksburg. Once we acquired opposite to Smithfield, I left Mrs. Taylor, took my knapsack, and walked to the home, and located the family at supper. To explain the emotions of joy with which they greeted me, (believing that I had been misplaced at sea,) can be very troublesome.

The Smithfield family presently consisted of a type and wonderful father; an amiable mother-in-law, who had one son, William, who when he came to man's estate studied regulation, was profitable in his follow, died younger, and left an amiable family; my entire brothers, Dr. Laurence Brooke, and Robert Brooke, and my twin brother John.

Dr. Brooke who had studied drugs at Edinburgh, as I’ve before mentioned, had now commenced the follow of physic. My brother Robert, who had additionally been educated at Edinburgh, where he had studied regulation underneath Professor Miller, had resumed the research, and was getting ready to begin the apply of the regulation once I arrived.

My twin brother John, endeared to me by the hardships and risks of three campaigns, like myself, had no career, though some time after he started to review regulation; acquired a license, and commenced the follow of the regulation; was profitable, and became a member of the House of Delegates from his county of Stafford several occasions. He married a most amiable and wonderful woman, and died concerning the yr 1822, leaving a distinguished family,—one of whom, his son Frank, was killed in the Florida warfare, beneath Colonel Taylor, now President of america. His son Henry is now a distinguished lawyer on the bar of the Courtroom of Appeals; and married Virginia, the daughter of the late Decide Henry St. George Tucker, someday President of the Courtroom of Appeals.

My only sister married Fontaine Maury, though she had been courted by Capt. William Washington, afterwards Basic William Washington, Main Churchill Jones, of Washington's regiment, and a number of other others. Fontaine Maury was the youngest son of Fontaine Maury, the Huguenot, who came to this nation after the repeal of the Edict of Nantes.

Now what shall I say of myself? The struggle was over, and it was time that I should look to some other career than that of arms; I was not quite twenty years of age, and like other younger men of the time, having an indulgent father, who permitted me to maintain horses, I wasted two or three years in fox-hunting, and typically in racing; was typically at house for 3 or 4 weeks at a time. My father had a superb family library, I was fond of reading historical past, read Hume's Historical past of England, Robertson's Historical past of Charles V, some of the British poets, Shakespeare, Dryden, Pope, and so forth., and most of the literature of Queen Anne's reign, and even Blackstone's Commentaries, earlier than I had determined to review regulation. Having resolved finally to pursue some career, my brother Dr. Brooke prevailed upon me to review drugs; I learn his books with him for about twelve months, when my brother Robert would say to me, "Frank, you have missed your path and had better study law." I soon after took his advice, and commenced the research of the regulation with him, and in 1788 I utilized for a license to follow regulation. There were at the moment in Virginia solely three persons approved to grant licenses: they have been the Lawyer Basic, Mr. Innes, Mr. German Baker, and Col. John Taylor, of Caroline; all distinguished legal professionals. I was examined by Mr. Baker, at Richmond, and obtained his signature to my license. I then utilized to the Lawyer Basic, Mr. Innes, to look at me; however he was all the time too much engaged, and I returned house. In a few days after I acquired a letter from my previous military pal, Captain Wm. Barret, of Washington's regiment, informing me that he had seen the Lawyer Basic, who expressed great regret that he had not had it in his energy to examine his pal Mr. Brooke; but that he had talked with Mr. Baker, and was absolutely glad of his competency, and if he would ship his license right down to Richmond he would signal it. I accordingly sent the license to him and he signed it, by which I turned a lawyer. I afterwards returned to my brother's office and applied myself more than I had achieved to the doctrine of pleading, and so forth.

Early in 1788, I went to Morgantown, in the northwestern nook of the state, then somewhat an Indian country; Virginia being compelled to keep her scouts and rangers to defend the inhabitants on our frontier; though the Indians still made frequent inroads, and killed and carried off 5 households at the Dunkard Backside, on Cheat river, twenty miles to the east of Morgantown. I had commenced the follow of the regulation within the counties of Monongalia, at Morgantown, and Harrison, at Clarksburg. Quickly after the district courts have been established, and two of the Judges of the district courtroom, Judges Mercer and Parker, got here to Morgantown to carry a courtroom there, once I acquired from the Lawyer Common, Mr. Innes, a fee as Lawyer for the Commonwealth of that District; he having at that time the facility to grant commissions to all Commonwealth's Attorneys, within the Districts and Counties of the State.

I continued the follow of the regulation in that country for a little greater than two years, throughout which era I turned acquainted with Albert Gallatin, from whom I not long ago acquired a letter, written in his eighty-eighth yr, which is here inserted:

New York, 4th March, 1847. My Pricey Sir:

Though you have been pleased, in your favour of December final, to admire the preservation of my schools, these are in fact sadly impaired—I can’t work greater than four hours a day, and I write with great problem. Solely absorbed in a subject which engrossed all my ideas and all my emotions, I was compelled to postpone answering the quite a few letters I receive, until they imperiously required quick attention. I am now making up my arrears.

But although my reminiscence fails me for current transactions, it’s unimpaired in reference to my early days—I’ve ever preserved a most pleasing recollection of our pleasant intercourse virtually sixty years in the past, and followed you in your lengthy and respectable judiciary career—less stormy, and doubtless happier than mine. I’m, as you presumed, 4 years older than your self, born 29th of January, 1761, and now in my eighty- eighth, rising weaker each month, however with only the infirmities of age. For all chronical illnesses I’ve no religion in physicians, seek the advice of none, and take no physic no matter.—With my greatest needs that your latter days may be as clean, as healthy and as comfortable as my own, I remain in great fact,

Your pal,

Albert Gallatin.

Hon'ble Francis Brooke,

I returned to Japanese Virginia, and went to settle at Tappahannock, and practiced regulation in Essex and the Northern Neck, with Bushrod Washington, afterwards Decide of the Supreme Courtroom of the USA, Alexander Campbell, a distinguished lawyer, and the previous Scotch lawyer Warden, and so on.

In that yr, the yr 1790, I typically visited my buddies at Smithfield; paid my addresses to Mary Randolph Spotswood, the eldest daughter of Basic Spotswood and Mrs. Spotswood, the only entire niece of Common Washington. Our attachment had been a very early one. Her father regularly sent to Smithfield for me once I was solely 13 years of age; my father would complain, but all the time permitted me to go. I might discover the Basic, about daylight within the morning, together with his high quality horses drawn out, and his fox-hounds, and, as I used to be a superb horseman, would mount me upon one of his most spirited horses, and sometimes vary via the nation and woods, where I now stay. He knew his daughter was very much hooked up to me, but though succeeding in my career, I was but poor, and he had nice objections to the match. After a while, nevertheless, once I had gone again to Tappahannock, discovering his daughter's attachment too robust to be overcome, though she had been courted by others, he consented to our union.

She was sixteen in June, and we have been married in October following, at Nottingham, in the yr 1791. Her type couldn’t be excelled; her face, when lighted with a smile, was sensible, although her features weren’t common; she had sensible tooth and luxuriant brown hair; she had been extremely educated by a Mrs. Hearn, an English woman, who lived within the family several years. The Basic was more attentive to the schooling of his daughters than to that of his sons. He and his brother, John Spotswood, had been a lot neglected by their guardian at Eton, in England, and have been badly educated; they returned to Virginia, and when Basic Spotswood arrived of age, in 1772, he possessed 150,000 acres of land in the three counties of Orange, Spotsylvania and Culpeper; it was an entailed estate which descended to him from his grandfather, Governor Spotswood. His father's executor prevailed on the Legislature to allow him to promote 70,000 acres of it; he himself afterwards, and before I belonged to his family, bought to Gen. Henry Lee twenty odd thousand acres, above Fredericksburg; he additionally bought 40,000 acres of leased land to James Somerville, of Fredericksburg. He possessed also iron works; a foundry established by Governor Spotswood, which yielded an revenue of 5,000 kilos every year, and which was broken up by his father's executor.

The Basic was neglectful of his affairs and was higher fitted for the military than for the pursuits of civil life. He commanded the second regiment on the battle of Brandywine; and, it was stated by a British writer, one Smith, that it was the only regiment that left the sector of battle in good order. He was again within the battle of Germantown, the place his brother, Captain Spotswood, being badly wounded, was considered lifeless; whereupon he despatched in his resignation to Basic Washington, having made a contract together with his brother, once they entered the military, that if both must be killed, the survivor ought to return residence to take care of the two families. When it was recognized that Captain Spotswood was nonetheless alive, a prisoner in Philadelphia, he wished to return to his command in the military; however Basic Washington replied to his letter to this effect, that he could not be reinstated in his former command, because many officers had been promoted after his resignation. He was quickly after appointed a Brigadier Basic, by the State of Virginia, to command the Legion to be raised in Virginia. During Arnold's invasion, in 1780, he commanded a brigade of militia, referred to as out to oppose Basic Arnold. Basic Spotswood spent a nice deal of his fortune in the army; and representing a declare for his land, before a committee of the Senate of Virginia, I heard Basic Meade, who was a member of that committee, say that he knew the truth that whereas the military of the North was bare of clothing, Common Spotswood had clothed his entire regiment out of his own pocket in Philadelphia.

Fortunately married, with good prospects, we lived collectively 13 years, when she died the fifth of January, 1803, after the start of her youngest daughter, Mary Randolph. She left 4 youngsters: John, her eldest, Robert, Elizabeth, and Mary Randolph. Elizabeth was unhappily killed by the oversetting of a stage. John studied drugs, and within the yr 1825 was appointed a deputy surgeon in the Navy; went out in the Brandywine, with Basic La Fayette, to France, where he had been before; has remained in the navy ever since, and is now fleet-surgeon in the Chinese language seas. Robert was educated at West Level, was appointed a Lieutenant of the Engineer Corps; soon resigned, and studied regulation; started the follow at Charlottesville, went to Staunton, has been twice married, and has a household of eight youngsters. He was twice elected a member of the Home of Delegates, from Augusta; was a good speaker, and in style with the House; his household growing, he declined public life, and is now president of the branch of the Valley Bank, at Staunton.

Mary Randolph was married in 1827 to Dr. Edmund Berkeley, of Hanover; and after many modifications of state of affairs, went to Staunton, the place she now resides, and has a household of eight youngsters.

The shock I acquired on the dying of my spouse I can’t properly describe; however my father had left me a legacy higher than property, his fantastic alacrity of spirits (God bless him), which have never forsaken me; and in the summer afterwards I used to be advised to go to the Virginia Springs, and commenced to look out for an additional wife, to provide the place to my youngsters of their mom. While on the Warm Springs, with Mr. Giles and some others, a carriage arrived with women; there’s something in destiny, for as quickly as I took maintain of the hand of Mary Champe Carter (though I had seen her before and admired her very much), I felt that she would amply provide the place of my lost wife. I began my attentions to her from that moment. In individual and in face she was very lovely. Mr. Jefferson stated of her, "that she was the most beautiful woman he had ever seen, either in France or this country." Her sister Nancy, who married Governor Troup, of Georgia, was thought by some equally good-looking. Mary Champe had sensible tooth and delightful darkish hair; but her beauty was not her only appeal; her delicate and feminine manners have been nonetheless extra engaging.

On our return to Fredericksburg, I critically addressed her, and though I had highly effective rivals, I quickly discovered that I had gained her affections. As I had youngsters, nevertheless, her mom and her relations have been quite opposed to my pretensions, but their objections have been overcome, once they discovered that our attachment was reciprocal; and we have been married on the 14th of February following. Though she had little fortune, her father having left her 1,500 pounds in officer's certificates, (and the half of his plate, on the dying of her mother, which by the best way she by no means acquired,) I had a renewed prospect for happiness. We settled and lived in a small house near her mother's, in Fredericksburg; from there we despatched John and Robert to high school, to Mr. Wilson, till after the start of her first son, which she misplaced. I had constructed a small brick home with a shed to it, and a brick flooring, in the nation—her mom and sister went to Boston—once they returned she agreed to return into the nation to reside in that small house; the farm was a small one and worn out; as I was seldom at residence, she had the difficulty of planting the hedges, attending to laying off the backyard, planting the fruit and house timber, and was regularly at house by herself for 5 or 6 weeks at a time. She was all the time very type to the mother and father of her step youngsters, for when Mrs. Spotswood's previous prepare dinner, Juno, was worn out almost, they expressed the will to have our prepare dinner, Belissa, who was a superb one; she readily gave up Belissa to them, and took a woman, little more than seventeen years of age, into the kitchen. She was a sort and affectionate step-mother, and her stepchildren have been very a lot hooked up to her. When John had gone to Carlisle School, after which to Philadelphia, and sometimes wrote to me to ship him extra money, and I being straitened, then she would say, "Send him the money, if you are obliged to sell one of the negroes." When Mary Randolph was sent to her by her grandmother, she expressed as much nervousness for her schooling as if she had been her own baby, and when she grew to a proper age, had a music-master in the home all the time, and instructed her herself; although she was no performer, she understood music very nicely.

In 1806, when her well being was very delicate and she or he was suggested to go to the Springs, she carried Robert together with her, then six years of age; he had had the ague and fever, however recovered on the Springs. We lived forty-two years collectively very happily, when on the 25th of October, 1846, she expired. She was a honest Christian, and a quarter of an hour earlier than her demise, whereas I held her feeble hand in mine, she seemed up at me and stated, "I am not frightened, I am in no pain, take care of ours,"—there she stopped. A brief time afterwards when Mrs. Herndon, the wife of Dr. Herndon, who was here attending her, needed to bathe her lips with chilly water, she held out one of her palms and stated, "I want nothing more in this world," and expired. She had chosen a burial place; I wrote the epitaph which is engraved upon her tombstone; it’s as follows:

(A small but grateful tribute of my heart to at least one whom I had beloved so properly and long.)

She expired on the 25th of October, 1846,

She never was excelled in advantage, or any of those endearing qualities which made her an affectionate wife, and devoted mother!"

She left two youngsters, Francis and Helen. Francis married Ella, the youngest daughter of Colonel Ambler. She is a most amiable wife and mom; they’ve three sons. Helen married most sadly, her husband was ruled by nothing but ardour; handled her very cruelly, and she or he was pressured to apply for a divorce to the Legislature, which she obtained, and now lives with me; and he, like the base Judean, "threw away a pearl richer than all his tribe." She has a little woman, Mary Champe, referred to as after her grandmother.

My native state conferred many workplaces upon me. I represented the county of Essex in 1794 and '95, within the Home of Delegates. In 1796, my brother John having married, and declined the follow of the regulation, I faraway from Tappahannock to Fredericksburg, to finish the regulation enterprise he and my brother Robert had left. In 1800 I used to be elected to the Senate of the State, and in 1804, while speaker of the Senate, I used to be elected a Decide of the Basic Courtroom, (as my commission will show,) and of course rode the districts of the District Courts, till the Circuit Courts have been established; once I was assigned to this circuit, starting at Goochland, going to Richmond, Hanover, Essex, Caroline and Spotsylvania, until 1811, once I was elected Decide of the Courtroom of Appeals, of which I was President eight years, and where I have continued ever since. In 1831 I was again elected a Decide of the Courtroom of Appeals, underneath the New Structure.

My army appointments have been as follows: In the yr 1796 I was appointed Main of a Battalion of Cavalry, annexed to the second division of the militia. In 1800 I was appointed Lieut. Colonel Commandant of the Second regiment of cavalry, in the second division of the militia, Col. Tom Mann Randolph having resigned. In 1802 I used to be appointed Brigadier Basic of the First Brigade and Second Division of the Militia.

Though I had married into two families that had been among the wealthiest in Virginia it didn’t revenue me very much; for though Basic Spotswood was a devoted father- in-law, he had not a lot to provide me. He gave to his daughter, once we went to Tappahannock, a small servant woman, who soon after died; he gave me a invoice of change upon Charleston, drawn by Major Churchill Jones, which helped me to purchase an previous house in Tappahannock, which was repaired by two of my father's mechanics. In the meantime he wrote a letter to my father, saying that if he would give me ten negroes, of a specific description, he would give me, at his dying, an equal share with the remaining of his youngsters of his property. My father had delivered some of the negroes before his dying, and the Basic insisted that I ought to sue his executor for the remaining of them; and I brought a go well with within the excessive Courtroom of Chancery, and acquired a decree for them; in the document of which go well with Common Spotswood's letter and my father's reply to it can be found. After Common Spotswood's dying, he having left nothing by his will to me, or any of my family, I brought a go well with towards his executor, in the Chancery Courtroom at Fredericksburg, upon the contract; but the delays of the regulation have been so great at the time that I compromised the go well with with the executor, to which course my counsel, the late Decide Stan- ard, considering that I had made a dangerous compromise, was very much opposed. The executor gave me an order for 3 thousand dollars on the go well with which Common Spotswood had in the Federal Courtroom (which go well with Basic Spotswood had towards the securities of his guardian,) which finally I acquired. The executor also conveyed to me one hundred and fifty acres of land, which lies near me.

I personally knew, (as well as so younger a man might know,) all of the eminent army characters of the revolution, with the exception of Alexander Hamilton and Common Knox. I knew Washington, Greene and Gates—I knew Washington in my boyhood. He got here to Smithfield with Basic Spotswood, in 1773,1 assume it was. He was then a Colonel within the British army. I keep in mind his gown; he wore a deep blue coat, a scarlet waistcoat, trimmed with a gold chain, and buckskin small clothes, boots, spurs, and sword; he had with him a lovely greyhound, was fond of the sports activities of the sector, and proposed to my father, who had a tame deer, to attempt if the greyhound couldn’t catch him; to which my father assented, and after leaping over the yard palings, they went by way of the garden the place they leaped the palings once more; when the deer turned in the direction of the river he obtained a start of the greyhound, and obtained into the river before he might catch him. Common Washington was afterwards at Smithfield two or 3 times; he was fond of horses, my father had some wonderful ones, so had Genl Spotswood; they took the horses to the street, and mounted the boys upon them, to attempt their velocity. Common Washington, within the yr 1774, got here to Fredericksburg to assessment the unbiased corporations. After the evaluate they gave him a collation within the previous market-house, where he had all the boys of a giant grammar faculty, of which I was one, delivered to him; gave them a drink of punch, patted them upon their heads, and asked them if they might struggle for his or her country. After the struggle he incessantly got here to Fredericksburg, the place his mom resided, and his only sister, Mrs. Lewis. He attended the ball of the 22nd of February, opened it by dancing a minuet with some woman, then danced cotillions and country dances; was very gallant and all the time hooked up himself, by his attentions, to some a number of of probably the most lovely and engaging women at the balls. The subsequent day, his pals gave him a dinner, at which, after the material was eliminated and the wine came on, a Mr. Jack Stewart (who had been a Clerk of the House of Delegates), a great vocalist, was referred to as upon for a track; and he sung one from the novel of "Roderick Random," which was a very amusing one. Common Washington laughed at it very much and encored it. The subsequent day, once I went to his sister's to introduce strangers to him, I discovered him one of probably the most dignified men of the age. While he was President of the USA, on the occasion of my father-in-law, Basic Spotswood, he provided me the collector's workplace at Tappahannock, but I most popular my career and declined it; though the workplace at the moment was a very lucrative one. Washington was undoubtedly a great man, and there was a sublimity in his greatness which exceeded that of any of the good males of historic or trendy history.

I have stated earlier than of Common Greene that I was in a point a pet of his, and I have assigned the cause why I used to be so. Being a whole lot at headquarters, I knew him to be an amiable and wonderful domestic character; he was devoted to his wife amid all of the danger and excitement of struggle. And the elder Decide Tucker advised me this anecdote of him; that after the battle of Guilford, and the retreat to the Iron Works, the Common found that he had no bed; he invited him to take a part of his, and within the morning, when Tucker awaked, he found him admiring his wife's image which hung spherical his neck. He was much beloved by the army; was cautious to not interact in battle, until there was a prospect of crippling or defeating the enemy. There’s a letter in Johnson's life of him, from Basic Washington, after the battle of Eutaw Spring, which begins: "I rejoice, my dear General, that you have, at length, gained a victory," and so forth. I beloved him, and to the page of history consign his memory. I didn’t know Gen. Gates in the Military, but after the peace he resided twelve months in Fredericksburg, and being fond of young firm, I often saw him; his manners have been very fantastic. He had served within the British army, was, I’ve little question, a superb camp officer, acquainted with techniques within the drill, but not qualified to command an army.

I have stated that I knew additionally the leading civil characters of that period. I knew Mr. Jefferson very properly. The first time I noticed him was on the journal at Westham, above Richmond, as I have mentioned earlier than,—I was afterwards typically at Monticello, and noticed a lot of him there; and while he was President of the USA. He was a man of straightforward and ingratiating manners; he was very a fan of me, and I corresponded with him whereas I was Vice-President of the Society of the Cincinnati; he wished the funds of that society to be appropriated to his central school, near Charlottesville, and on one event I obtained an order from a meeting of the society to that effect; however in my absence the order was rescinded, and the funds appropriated to the Washington School, at Lexington, to which Basic Washington had given his shares within the James River Company, which the State had introduced him with. Mr. Jefferson by no means would talk about any proposition in case you differed with him, for he stated he thought dialogue moderately rivetted opinions than changed them. Once I was elected Speaker of the Senate of Virginia he sent me his parliamentary Guide, with a very flattering word wafered in it, which is now within the possession of my son Robert. Of Mr. Madison I personally didn’t know as a lot; his manners were not so high-quality or insinuating as Mr. Jefferson's; he was dedicated to Mr. Jefferson, however differed with him in some respects; he by no means shunned discussion, however courted it—advised many wonderful anecdotes of occasions past—and was among the purest and ablest statesmen we ever had. I knew Mr. Monroe; practiced regulation with him, and I feel, although a sluggish man, he possessed a robust thoughts and wonderful judgment. Once I was at York, in 1824, with Common La Fayette, Mr. Calhoun, then Secretary of Struggle, was there, and I asked him the question whether it was the President Monroe, or his Cabinet, who have been in favor of that passage in his message which declared to the Holy Alliance that America would not be detached to any attempt to assist the Spanish Government to stop the enfranchisement of the South American Provinces, then at struggle with Spain; and he replied that it was the President's personal sentiment, and that although he was a sluggish man, but give him time and he was a man of the most effective judgment he had ever recognized.

This Narrative has been written, or dictated, by snatches, at totally different occasions, and should subsequently include some repetitions, and I’ll have omitted some issues that should be in it; however my recollections are too quite a few for me to report all of them, and I consider I’ve given a enough quantity of them to reply my function—to gratify my family and associates—and I’ll now relaxation.

LibraryPoint editor's notice: illustrations have been added to this text.